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Journal Article

Citation

Solomon SJ. Crim. Justice Behav. 2019; 46(8): 1200-1216.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, SAGE Publishing)

DOI

10.1177/0093854819859606

PMID

unavailable

Abstract

Procedural justice is often recognized as the key antecedent of police legitimacy. However, less is known about how the components of procedural justice, treatment and decision-making quality, influence perceptions of police legitimacy. This study utilizes a 2 × 2 × 2 survey experiment to explore the direct effects of the components of procedural justice, and the moderating effects of driver race, on perceptions of encounter-specific fairness and legitimacy.

RESULTS indicate that treatment quality is a more salient predictor of encounter-specific fairness and legitimacy than decision-making quality. In addition, simple effects analyses reveal that driver race moderates perceptions of encounter-specific fairness but not encounter-specific perceptions of legitimacy. The findings imply that police officers should emphasize respectful treatment during encounters with the public.


Language: en

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