No concrete cut-points were established as formal criteria to classify a report into the Age Group categories. Reports are subjectively assigned to these categories.
The use of alcohol and other drugs is associated with injury occurrence through several pathways. This section includes reports that address the effect of drugs, both licit and illicit, on human performance and psychology. Reports concerning the prevention or detection of alcohol and drug abuse in the context of safety are also included. Alcohol and drug-related poisonings will be listed under this category, under poisonings, and, if the over-dose is intentional, under suicide or violence.
Burns are injuries to tissues caused by heat, friction, radiation, electricity, or chemicals. Scalds are a type of burn caused by hot liquid or gas. This section includes reports that address the occurrence and prevention of these injuries. This category also includes articles about explosions, lightening strikes, and exposure to ultra-cold substances such as liquified gases.
This section includes editorials and some cross-cutting review articles on topics that address multiple SafetyLit categories. Articles on ethical issues fall under this category.
This section includes reports on community-based prevention activities that cross multiple SafetyLit categories.
This section includes reports on the effects of man-made or natural disasters and on planning to minimize those effects. The effectiveness of local, state, and national plans and partnerships to respond to a crisis are included. Reports that describe disaster relief, disaster response and lessons learned are also included.
This section includes reports that describe the effect of factors such as fatigue, mental distraction, boredom, work overload, calendar and time-of-day on injury risk and occurrence.
This section includes drowning (i.e., death by suffocation in water or another liquid) and near drowning. Suffocation by mechanical obstruction or oxygen-poor atmosphere is also included. Reports that address preventive measures are included.
This section includes reports on the medical care and rehabilitation costs of injury, the costs of implementing safety measures, the short- and long-term emotional impact of injury, and metrics of injury severity or disability.
Structures and areas must be designed to enable the orderly and rapid evacuation of small or large numbers of occupants. Occupants must be able to detect a need to leave, know the path to safety, and not be harmed because of a panic response. This category includes reports that address these issues.
This section includes reports of a more technical nature that concern the design or integrity of structures, vehicles, and materials.
This section includes reports of the effect of the weather, storms, climate, and ambient temperature on the risk or occurrence of injury. Also included are reports of things such as earthquakes, mudslides, avalanches, volcanic activity, tsunamis, etc.
This section includes reports on human capabilities and on the effect of physical size and strength on the ability to interact with objects and structures safely. Issues of physical development in children and changes due to the aging process are included here. Issues of emotional development are included under the category 'Risk perception & risk communication'.
Includes: 1) slips, trips, and other "underfoot incidents" and related surface issues; 2) falls from a height; and reports of prevention or mitigation issues.
This section includes reports on injuries and injury risks that occur at home or that are related to consumer products whether or not they are used at home.
Includes reports concerning the impact of computer games, the Internet, movies, music, newspapers, radio, and television upon safety and risk behavior.
Includes bites, animal movements, trampling, animals in the road. Reports concerning envenomations may also be included under Poisoning.
This section includes reports on occupational or work-related injuries and related prevention strategies. Also included are reports on management and worker attitudes, occupational safety hazards, industrial safety regulations and work-related legislation.
Reports about vehicle- and non-vehicle-related pedestrian and bicycle injuries are included in this section, along with educational and training programs associated with reducing these types of injuries. Also included are reports related to bicycle helmet use.
This category concerns the effects of acute exposure to toxic substances, poison control centers or systems, protective containers and poison warning labels.
Includes: bicycle, recreation, sports, and work helmets. Also includes issues of eye protection, mouth guards, etc.
Includes formal evaluations of programs, projects, and other interventions. Evaluations of data systems are also included.
Reports concerning all exercise, recreation and sports-related injuries are included in this section. Included are reports on the use of safety equipment/protective gear while engaging in recreational or sports type activities.
This section includes technical reports that describe research methodologies related to injury and violence prevention, injury surveillance methods, injury-related coding and reporting issues, and injury prevention and risk models.
This section includes reports that discuss risk factors and their prevalence, the prevalence and frequencies of injuries, mechanisms of injury, geographic variations, etc.
This category includes reports that address developmental, psychological, and societal factors that concern the perception of risk. Also included are reports on the effectiveness of warning labels, signs, and alarms; and instruction for assembly, use, or operation of tools, products, or equipment.
Reports concerning injuries occurring in rural, agricultural, or farm settings are included in this section.
This section includes reports concerning injury and violence prevention in schools. Included in this section are reports on bullying.
The abilities to detect a potential hazard and to respond in time to avoid it are important factors in injury prevention. Reports concerning research on the five senses (especially vision and hearing), proprioception and balance, and the ability to assess motion are included. Also included are reports on factors that effect the time it takes to recognize something as a hazard and take an appropriate action.
This section includes reports concerning group-related differences in the etiologies or consequences of injury events. The emphasis is on reports about the mechanisms underlying the social patterning of injuries and injury outcomes among ethnic, racial or socioeconomic groups; geo-political areas; or other community and population characteristics. Reports concerning measures of the magnitude of these differences are also included.
This section includes reports on risk factors associated with suicidal ideation, suicide attempts and suicides, and of methods and mechanisms of suicide. Articles concerning non-suicidal self-harm (cutting, sensational asphyxia, etc.) also fall under this category. Articles concerning psychological depression are included here.
This section includes reports on the epidemiology of transportation-related injuries occurring among passengers in road vehicles (buses, cars, trucks, motorcycles), trains, and air or water craft. Also included are reports on traffic law enforcement, seat-belt and safety seat use. All-terrain vehicles, go-karts, personal water craft, and similar vehicle-related injuries may also be included under the category "Recreation & Sports", "Occupational Issues", or "Rural and Agricultural Issues" as appropriate. Articles on "stationary transportation" (electric power transmission, pipelines) are also included here and, perhaps, under "Engineering".
This section includes reports that discuss the intentional use of physical force or power against another person. Also included are reports on weapons and their availability and use. Reports on bullying, threats, or torture are listed here and under other categories when appropriate.